3- Do vs. Does

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3- Do vs. Does

To make a question in English we normally use Do or Does. It is normally put at the beginning of the question (before the subject)

Affirmative: You speak Spanish
?Question: Do you speak Spanish

You will see that we add DO at the beginning of the affirmative sentence to make it a question. We use Do when the subject is Iyouwe or they

Affirmative: He speaks Spanish
?Question: Does he speak Spanish

When the subject is heshe or it, we add DOES at the beginning to make the affirmative sentence a question. Notice that the letter S at the end of the verb in the affirmative sentence (because it is in third person) disappears in the question. We will see the reason why below

We DON’T use Do or Does in questions that have the verb To Be or Modal Verbs (can, must, might, should etc

Word Order of Questions with Do and Does

The following is the word order to construct a basic question in English using Do or Does

Do/DoesSubjectVerb*The rest of the sentence
DoI / you / we / theyhave / buy
eat / like etc
cereal for breakfast?
Doeshe / she / it

*Verb: The verb that goes here is the base form of the infinitive = The infinitive without TO before the verb. Instead of the infinitive To have it is just the have part

Remember that the infinitive is the verb before it is conjugated (changed) and it begins with TO. For example: to have, to eat, to go, to live, to speak etc

Examples of Questions with Do and Does

?Do you speak English

?Does John speak French

?Do we have time for a quick drink

?Does it rain a lot in the South

?Do they want to come with me

?Does she like chocolate

Short Answers with Do and Does

-difference-between-do-and-make

In questions that use do/does it is possible to give short answers to direct questions as follows

Sample QuestionsShort Answer
(Affirmative)
Short Answer
(Negative)
?Do you speak EnglishYes, I doNo, I don’t
?Do I need a dictionaryYes, you doNo, you don’t
?Do you both speak EnglishYes, we doNo, we don’t
?Do they speak EnglishYes, they doNo, they don’t
?Does he speak EnglishYes, he doesNo, he doesn’t
?Does she speak EnglishYes, she doesNo, she doesn’t
?Does it have four legsYes, it doesNo, it doesn’t

However, if a question word such as whowhenwherewhywhich or how is used in the question, you can not use the short answers above to respond to the question

Do vs. Does
Do vs. Does

Question Words with Do and Does

The order for making sentences with Questions words is the following

Question WordDo/DoesSubjectVerb
Whatdoyou?have for breakfast
Whatdoesshe?have for breakfast
Wheredoyou?live
Whendoyou?study
Howdoyou?spell your name

Using Do vs. Does Properly in Questions and Sentences

“Do” and “does” sentence examples are a great way to begin learning about the verb “to do.” Some forms of “do,” including “does,” are examples of helping verbs in English. These kinds of verbs extend the meaning of the main verb in a sentence. Before you compare “do” and “does,” it helps to understand verb tenses

Comparing “Do” and “Does”

The main definition of “do” is “to accomplish an action.” The main definition of “does” is “a reference to the accomplishment of another.” Both words mean basically the same thing, because “does” is the third person singular present tense version of “do.” The difference is in how each word gets used

Similarities

Since “does” is really just a form of “do,” both words have a lot in common

Both are verbs, or action words
?What do you do on days off
?How does that clock work

Both are present tense
I do love this game
She does want to come over now

Both have the same general definition
I do my hair before school
She does her hair before school

Both are put in the same place in sentences and questions
?Do you like chicken nuggets
?Does your mom like chicken nuggets

Both can replace a main verb when the meaning is obvious
?How do you do that
?How does he do that

Differences

The dictionary definition of “do” actually includes several definitions, like “to perform,” “to bring about,” and “to solve,” while “does” only has one definition. The use of “do” and “does” is the key difference between the two words

“Do” is used for plural subjects like “you,” “we,” “they,” “these,” “those,” or “John and I,” as well as with “I.”
Example: They do not like snakes

“Does” is used for singular subjects like “he,” “she,” “it,” “this,” “that,” or “John.”
Example: John does not like snakes

“Do” is used to form imperative sentences, or commands
Example: Do your homework

“Does” is never used to form imperative sentences
Example: Does your homework. (incorrect)

Using “Do” and “Does” in Sentences

When you use “do” in a sentence or “does” in a sentence, it will typically not be the first word. It can, however, fall anywhere else in the sentence. Can you see how “do” is used for plural subjects and “does” for singular subjects

I want to do my best in this race

That does not make any sense

We do not care about imaginary creatures

I do love a good comedy

They can do better than that

He believed he could do it

The machine does everything for us

If you do what I tell you, it will be fine

Jack and Jill do whatever they want on Tuesdays

Using “Do” and “Does” in Questions

In questions, “do” or “does” usually starts the sentence, but it doesn’t have to. For a simple interrogative sentence, or question, “do” or “does” is typically followed by the subject, and then the conjugated verb

Do vs. Does
Do vs. Does

Questions with “do” or “does” as the first word usually elicit a “yes” or “no” answer. If the question starts with “who,” “what,” “where,” “when,” or “why,” the word “do” or “does” can come after that question word

?What does Jenny want for breakfast

?Do chickens usually fly

?Why does your coat have ten zippers

?Does California have many beaches

?Where do you find pink dolphins

?Does watching TV make kids violent

?When does she normally come home from work

?Do we enter from the front door

?Who does he think he is

?Do they know they’re being watched

?How many times do they have to push that button

Don’ts for “Do” and “Does”

While there are many rules to remember when it comes to using the words “do” and “does,” there are some things you’ll never do with them

Don’t add an “s” to the main verb when using “do” or “does.”

Don’t use “do” or “does” to start open-ended questions

Don’t use “do” or “does” with the verb “to be.”

?Does That Do It for You

Learning basic English grammar takes time, but anyone can become great at speaking and writing in English. See how much you’ve learned about grammar topics like “do” vs. “does

Difference Between Do and Does

Whenever we talk about actions, we use the words do, does and did. Do and does represents the simple present forms of the verb ‘do’, while did is its simple past form. These are primarily used to form negative and interrogative sentences. Do is used with personal pronouns, I, we, you, they. On the other hand, does is used with personal pronouns he, she and it. Let’s take an example to understand the two

Do it as he does

I do have some work, but she doesn’t have any

The first example is an imperative sentence, so it starts with ‘do’, secondly does is used with the third person. In the next example we have used ‘do’ with the first person, to put the emphasis, while in the second part of the sentence, does is again used with the third person to put the emphasis

There are only a few differences between do and does, which we are going to discuss in this article. Let’s have a look

Content: Do Vs Does

Comparison Chart

BASIS FOR COMPARISONDODOES
MeaningDo is an action verb, commonly used to form negative and interrogative sentencesDoes is the third person singular present of the verb ‘do’
Pronunciationduːdʌz
Usage with nounsPlural nounsSingular nouns
Usage with pronounsI, we, you, they, these, those, etcHe, she, it, this, that, etc
Imperative sentencesUsed to form imperative sentencesIt is not used to form imperative sentences
Example?Do you go to school daily?Does she like me
?Don’t you have mannersIt doesn’t matter me much
I do have a problem with youRiya does homework daily

Definition of Do

Do refers to perform or undertake an action, either on his/her own or in response to the wish of another person. It is an auxiliary verb, which is used with the main verb, to form various types of sentences. Let’s discuss where to use ‘do’ in our sentences

To form interrogative sentences

?Do you know him

?Do you get the mail

To form negative sentences

don’t think she is going to come for the party

They don’t have any right to call the meeting

In positive sentences to emphasize something, i.e. to provide additional information about the main verb

You do look sad today

They do want to start their own business

In imperative sentences, i.e. positive or negative commands

?Don’t open the door

?Do your work

It can also be used to make tag questions

I met Shahrukh Khan at the concert, don’t you

To avoid repetition of a verb or verb phrase

May I help you? Please do

Suzzane likes apples, and so do you

Definition of Does

Does is nothing but a conjugation of the verb ‘do’, which also means to perform, act or undertake any task or activity, either at his/her own will or as per the will of another person. It is used with the third person to form various kind of sentences. Now let’s take a look at where to use ‘does’ in our sentences

To create interrogative sentences

?Does she go out for a walk

?Does it work properly

To form negative sentences

Riya doesn’t want to go Sydney on her vacations

He doesn’t care much about what people think

In affirmative sentences to give extra force on the main verb

She does work hard

Akash does go to coaching every day

It can also be used to create tag questions

She writes well, doesn’t she

Key Differences Between Do and Does

The difference between do and does are described in the points given below

Do is a transitive verb, which has a subject and object. It is an action verb which means to perform, act or carry out any task or activity. On the other hand, does is just a conjugation of the verb ‘do’ which is used with a third person singular present

While we use ‘do’ with plural nouns such as teachers, parents, children, judges, dogs, cats etc. but we use does with singular nouns such as my teacher, my mom, the child, the judge, the dog, the cat, etc

It is used with personal pronouns, first-person singular ‘I’, plural ‘we’, the second person ‘you’ and third person plural ‘they’. As against, does is also used with a third person singular he/she/it. Moreover, do is also used with demonstrative pronoun these and those whereas does is used with this and that

We use ‘do’, to form imperative sentences, i.e. positive or negative commands, but we never use does to create imperative sentences

Do vs. Does
Do vs. Does

Example

Do

You do cook well

They do not look great together

do like Virat Kohli

Does

Marina does her exercises early in the morning

Harish does not like any kind of interference in his work

She does the painting with watercolours

How to remember the difference

We use ‘do’ and ‘does’ in our sentences when we refer to our hobbies, likes, dislikes, daily routine, habits, and so forth. Do is mainly used in the sentences, when we talk about more than one person, or about ourselves or thing in the second person, but we use does to refer a single person or indicating a third person

الفرق بين Do و Did و Done و Does في اللغة الانجليزية

Differences Between Do, Did, Done And Does
السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته، مرحبا بكم جميعا طلاب وطالبات قسم اللغة الإنجليزية في سلسلة دروس تعلم اللغة الإنجليزية. اليوم بإذن الله ومشيئته سنتعلم الفرق بين Do, Did, Done و Does في اللغة الانجليزية. لذا كونوا منتبهين لأن هذه المعلومات يمكنهما أن تساعدنا جدا في التحدث بشكل صحيح، خال من الأخطاء وهو أول ما يقيس إجادة الفرد للغة. ومع تمنياتنا لكم بمزيد من التوفيق والنجاح الدائم والمستمر.


Today, we will study the Differences between Do, Did, Done and Does in English, so be attentive in order to improve your language

أولا كل هذه المشتقات تأتي من الفعل Do بمعنى يفعل ولكن تختلف في عدة أشياء فهناك من يأتي في المضارع وهناك من يأتي في الماضي وهناك من يأتي في الماضي التام. والآن سنأخذ بعض الأمثلة عليهما لتوضيح ذلك ولنتمرن سويا على نطقهما واستخدامهما بشكل صحيح وخال من الأخطاء.For example


على سبيل المثال:

This is what we have to do
هذا ما يجب علينا فعله
Volunteers do a lot of work around the village
يقوم المتطوعون بالكثير من المهام في محيط القرية
What we do must be wise and effective
ما نفعله يجب أن يكون حكيما ومؤثرا
That ‘s enough. Do not create new problems
هذا يكفي. لا تخلق مشاكل جديدة.


Where did you buy it?
من أين اشتريته؟
My response was simply that I did not think so
ردي كان ببساطة أنني لا أعتقد ذلك.
?Did you see what happened with them
هل رأيت ما حدث لهم؟
?How did you arrive at the solution to the problem
كيف وصلت إلى حل هذه المشكلة؟


My doctor is an artist at what he does
طبيبي هو فنان فيما يقوم به
She does the laundry on Saturdays
هي تقوم بغسل الملابس كل سبت
?Does she like pizza
هل هي تحب البيتزا؟
?Does he always walk so quickly
هل هو يسير بسرعة جدا؟
The same could be done in this case
نفس الشيء يمكن أن يتم في هذه الحالة
?What have I done and what could I do
ماذا فعلت فعلت وماذا يمكنني أن أفعل؟


We know what that means and how it was done.
نحن نعرف ماذا يعني هذا وكيف تم فعله؟
No one has said that nothing could be done
لم يقل أحد أنه كان يمكن عمل أي شيء

أولا Do و Does نستخدمهم للتعبير عن المضارع البسيط وهي أفعال مساعدة وكذلك نستخدمهم عند طرح سؤال في نفس الزمن، ويمكن استخدامهم كأفعال أساسية في الجملة وحينها يختلف معناهم ليصبح بالفعل. والآن سنأخذ بعض الأمثلة عليهما لتوضيح ذلك ولنتمرن سويا على نطقهما واستخدامهما بشكل صحيح وخال من الأخطاء.For example:
على سبيل المثال:


I don’t know the answer
لا أعرف الإجابة
We do the housework on Saturday mornings
نحن نقوم بالأعمال المنزلية صباح يوم السبت
You don’t remember it
أنت لا تتذكر ذلك
We don’t have the key
نحن ليس لدينا المفتاح
She does play piano
هي بالفعل تعزف بيانو


They do have the money
إنهم بالفعل لديهم نقود
He does go to class on time
هو بالفعل يذهب إلى الفصل في الميعاد
John always does a good job
جون يقوم بوظيفة جيدة
He does not have decision-making authority
هو ليس لديه سلطة اتخاذ القرار


Does this help?
هل هذا سيساعد بشيء؟
?Do I have to be there at 9 PM
هل علي أن أكون هناك التاسعة مساء؟
You are doing your homework now
أنت ستقوم بعمل واجبك الآن
She will do the dishes as soon as she gets home
ستقوم بغسل الأطباق بمجرد وصولها المنزل


ثانيا، إن Did تستخدم للحديث عن الأفعال الماضية والتي ليس لها علاقة بالمضارع وهنا تستخدم كفعل مساعد. ويمكن استخدامها كأفعال أساسية في الجملة وحينها يختلف معناها ليصبح بالفعل تماما مثل Do و Does. والآن سنأخذ بعض الأمثلة عليهما لتوضيح ذلك ولنتمرن سويا على نطقهما واستخدامهما بشكل صحيح وخال من الأخطاء.For example:
على سبيل المثال:


We did eat together last Saturday
نحن بالفعل تناولنا الطعام معا يوم السبت الماضي
?Did she go to the party
هل ذهبت هي إلى الحفلة؟
?Did you do your homework
هل قمت بعمل الواجب المدرسي؟
I didn’t see you last night
لم أراك الليلة الماضية
They didn’t go to the gym yesterday
هم لم يذهبوا إلى صالة الألعاب الرياضية بالأمس
We didn’t use to watch TV when we were younger
لم نعتاد على مشاهدة التليفزيون عندما كنا صغارا
You didn’t play


أنت لم تلعب
I didn’t go to the party yesterday
لم أذهب إلى الحفلة بالأمس
He didn’t study French two years ago
هو لم يدرس الفرنسية منذ عامين
She didn’t work yesterday
هي لم تعمل بالأمس


I did speak several foreign languages
أنا بالفعل أتحدث العديد من اللغات الأجنبية
She did go there twice a week
هي ذهبت بالفعل هناك مرتين في الأسبوع
She did read the newspaper yesterday
هي بالفعل قرأت المجلة بالأمس


ثالثا، إن Done تستخدم للحديث عن الأفعال في الماضي التام وهي الدرجة الثالثة والأكثر قدما في الماضي وهنا تستخدم كفعل مساعد. وكذلك يمكن أن تستخدم في المبني للمجهول. والآن سنأخذ بعض الأمثلة عليهما لتوضيح ذلك ولنتمرن سويا على نطقهما واستخدامهما بشكل صحيح وخال من الأخطاء.For example:
على سبيل المثال:


?Has he done his homework yet
هل قام بالواجب المدرسي بعد؟
?What have you done in the last five years
ماذا فعلت في الخمس أعوام الماضية؟
I have my work done


لقد تم إنجاز عملي
This crime was done deliberately
لقد تمت الجريمة عمدا
The job was done in two days
تمت الوظيفة في خلال يومين
She has done that on purpose
هي قامت بذلك عمدا
?Have you done the dishes yet
هل غسلت الأطباق بعد؟


They wished they hadn’t done that
هم تمنوا لو لم يقوموا بذلك
I have done many things
لقد قمت بعمل أشياء عديدة
He says he ‘s done that
إنه قال أنه قام بذلك
I’ve done something without asking you
لقد قمت بعمل شيء دون سؤالك

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